Learn about cancer conditions

There are more than 200 different types of cancer, and each is diagnosed and treated in a specific way


Cancer Conditions

Adrenal Gland Cancer

Adrenal gland cancer, also called adrenocortical cancer, begins in the adrenal glands. This rare cancer may affect one or both the adrenal glands. Learn More

Anal Cancer

Anal cancer is rare cancer, and nearly half of the cases are diagnosed before cancer has spread to other nearby sites. Anal cancers are more common in adults over 60 years of age, with a higher predisposition in men. Learn More

Bile Duct Cancer

Uncontrolled growth of cells in the body results in cancer. Bile duct cancer or cholangiocarcinoma is rare cancer that begins in the bile ducts. Learn More

Bladder Cancer

The most commonly occurring bladder cancer arises from the cells that line the bladder (called the urothelial cells). ladder cancer generally occurs in older people over 55 years of age. Men are four times more likely to develop the condition than women. Learn More

Bone Cancer

Bone cancers are rare cancers that occur when the bone cells have genetic changes, resulting in abnormal and uncontrollable growth. Though this cancer can begin in any bone of the body, it usually affects the pelvis or long bones found in the arms and legs. Learn More

Bowel Cancer

Bowel cancer begins in the bowel or the intestine. Cancer of the small bowel is rare, and most often, bowel cancer usually refers to cancer in the large intestine (or large bowel). Learn More

Brain Tumour

A brain tumour is a collection or a mass of abnormally multiplying cells in the brain. There are over 150 types of brain tumours detected so far, and these can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Learn More

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer begins in the tissues of the breast. Though it is the most common invasive cancer in women, breast cancer can also occur in men. Learn More

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer starts in a woman’s cervix (the opening between the vagina and uterus). It is the fourth most common type of cancer in women worldwide. Learn More

Endometrial Cancer

Cancer that begins in this uterine lining is called endometrial cancer. It is the fourth most common cancer in the UK. There are different uterine cancers, but endometrial cancer is most commonly occurring. Learn More

Eye Cancer

Eye cancer occurs when the cells in the eye turn cancerous. It can begin anywhere in the eye– the eyeball, tissues surrounding the eyeball, eyelids and tear glands. Learn More

Ear Cancer

When the cells in the ear start dividing and growing uncontrollably, it results in ear cancer. Most ear cancers begin in the ear canal or the skin of the outer ear. Most ear cancers begin in the outer ear and are a type of skin cancer. Middle and inner ear cancers are extremely rare. Learn More

Gall Bladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer develops in the cells of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ present below the liver. These cancers are rare, and most of them are adenocarcinomas (cancer that begins in the gland-like cells present on the organ's surface. Learn More

Gynaecological Cancer

Gynaecological cancer life expectancy depends on the type of cancer, its grade, stage at which it is diagnosed, women’s age, and overall health. Learn More

Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is a collective term given to cancers that begin in the head and neck region, such as the head, throat, mouth, eyes, sinuses, larynx (voice box), nose and salivary glands. Most head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas that begin in the flat cells found lining the surface of the various tissues. Learn More

Hodgkins Lymphoma

Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease is a cancer of the lymphatic cells characterised by their abnormal growth and multiplication. It can affect anyone but is usually more common in people between 20 and 40 years or above 50. Learn More

Kidney Cancer

Gynaecological cancer life expectancy depends on the type of cancer, its grade, stage at which it is diagnosed, women’s age, and overall health. Learn More

Liver Cancer

When liver cells undergo abnormal changes, they grow and multiply uncontrollably, resulting in liver cancer. There are different types of liver cancer, with hepatocellular carcinoma being the most common. Liver cancer treatment options depend upon the type of liver cancer. Learn More


Leukaemia is a group of cancers of the bone marrow and blood-forming tissues. For this reason, it is also called blood cancer. Leukaemia arises when the cells of the bone marrow begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably. This cancer is characterised by a rise in abnormally functioning white blood cells (WBCs) Learn More

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer begins when the cells in the lungs start to divide uncontrollably, giving rise to tumours. It is a leading cause of death worldwide and is one of the most common types of cancer in the UK Learn More


Melanoma or ‘black tumour’ is a rare and dangerous form of skin cancer that proliferates and spreads fast. Despite its aggressive nature, this cancer is curable if detected early. Learn More

Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer, or oral cancer, is head and neck cancer that begins in the mouth. Tumours on the tongue, cheek, palate, lips, gums and floor of the mouth are common types of mouth cancer. Learn More

Multiple Myeloma

A rise in the number of plasma cells in the bone marrow can suppress red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. This cancer is called ‘multiple’ myeloma because it affects many sites in the body, including the ribs, pelvis, spine and skull. Learn More

Neuroendocrine Cancer

Neuroendocrine cancer begins in the specialised cells of the neuroendocrine system that have the features of both hormone-producing and nerve cells. Since neuroendocrine cells are present in different body tissues, these tumours can occur anywhere, including the Gastrointestinal tract, Lung & Pancreas Learn More

Non Hodgkins Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is one of the cancers of the lymphatic system that affects lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell or WBC). This cancer can start anywhere in the lymphatic system. While it is more common in adults, it can occur in children. Learn More

Oesophageal Cancer

Oesophageal cancer can begin in any part of the oesophagus and most commonly affects people over 60 years. It is a fairly common cancer in the UK and is more common in men than in women. Learn More

Ovarian Cancer

Women have two ovaries located on either side of the uterus. When cells in the ovaries or the far end of the fallopian tube turn cancerous, it causes ovarian cancer. Learn More

Pancreatic Cancer

When changes occur in the cells of the pancreas, they begin to grow and multiple uncontrollably, resulting in pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer treatment options depend upon its type and where cancer originates. This cancer can develop in exocrine and neuroendocrine cells. Learn More

Prostate Cancer

When cells in the prostate gland show abnormal growth and division, it results in prostate cancer. A majority of prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas that develop from glandular cells of the organ. Learn More

Rectal Cancer

Rectal cancer occurs when cells in the rectum turn malignant (or cancerous). The exact cause of rectal cancer is unknown, but it is seen more commonly in older adults, usually over 50 years Learn More

Stomach Cancer

When cancer begins in any part of the stomach layers, it causes stomach cancer or gastric cancer. Stomach cancers are slow-growing and can take years to form. Learn More


Sarcomas are rare cancers that begin in bone and soft tissues like muscle, fat tissue, blood vessels, and nervous tissues. Sarcomas that develop in soft tissues are called soft tissue sarcomas, while those that begin in the bone are called osteosarcoma. While bone sarcomas are more common in children, soft tissue sarcomas are more likely to occur in adults. Learn More

Testicular Cancer

When the cells in the testes show abnormal growth and multiplication, it gives rise it testicular cancer. Though it can occur at any age, testicular cancer is more common in men between 15 and 49 years. Learn More

Thymic Cancer

Our AI led cancer screening score is trained on some of the largest western data sets with more than 500,000 individuals, in excess of 17 million biomarkers and over 634 million data points. Learn More

Uterine Cancer

The type of uterine cancer depends upon where it begins. The two most common ones are – endometrial cancer and uterine sarcoma. While endometrial cancer originates in the lining of the uterus, sarcoma arises from the muscular layer of the organ. Learn More

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