The most common symptom of anal cancer is bleeding from the anus or the rectum. Other symptoms that may occur in anal cancer include:
Most people who experience symptoms of anal cancer may find it embarrassing to talk about them with their family members or even their healthcare provider. If you experience one or more of the above symptoms, reach out to us at the earliest.
Diagnostic tests for anal cancer include:
Your doctor provider will take a complete medical history that includes your health, past or current illnesses, list of medications, lifestyle and other habits to understand your risk for developing anal cancer.
During a DRE, the healthcare provider inserted a well-lubricated gloved finger into the rectum to feel for lumps or changed texture of tissues in the area.
A short, thin tube (endoscope) is inserted into the rectum and the anus to examine the area.
High-energy ultrasound waves bouncing off the internal organs form a picture called a sonogram.
A thin, tube instrument with a lens and light at its tip is inserted into the anus and rectum to view the suspected area. A proctoscope may have an additional attachment that allows the collection of tissue samples for viewing under the microscope.
If your healthcare provider notices a change in tissue or growth during an ultrasound or endoscopy, they might collect a sample of the anal tissue for further evaluation. This process is called a biopsy.
Other tests that your healthcare provider may recommend to you include a CT scan, an MRI (when they suspect lymph node involvement) and blood tests to detect HIV.
Anal cancer treatment involves a multidisciplinary team of experts who create a treatment plan personalised for you. Your anal cancer treatment plan will depend upon several factors such as stage, size, age, and overall health.
Anal cancer treatment options include: