Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to target specific proteins in a tumour and affect how cancer cells grow, divide and multiply. It is a type of precision cancer treatment that is personalised for each patient.
Here are some ways how targeted therapy works:
There are two types of targeted therapies:
Targeted therapy is used along with other primary treatments in treating some cancers like melanoma and a few types of leukaemia.
There is plenty of ongoing research about the use of targeted therapy in treating different cancer types. Some of the cancers that are treated with targeted therapy include:
Targeted therapy is used to treat different types of cancers. Depending upon your cancer type, specific drugs are prescribed. But before that, the tumour is tested to determine if it has the required target markers for a particular drug. Targeted therapy is also preferred in patients who do not respond to other treatments, or the tumour is inoperable.
The frequency and duration of your targeted therapy depend upon:
Small molecule targeted therapy drugs are given as pills or capsules that can be swallowed, and monoclonal antibodies are given as an injection into a vein.
Targeted therapy is an advanced treatment for cancer treatments. It has many benefits over traditional treatment options such as:
Side effects of targeted therapy differ from those observed in conventional radiation therapies and chemotherapy and depend upon the drug used for the treatment and the part of the body targeted. Not everyone undergoing targeted therapy experiences side effects.
Common side effects of targeted therapy include:
Most side effects of this treatment resolve by themselves after treatment completion. Ask your doctor about the expected side effects of your targeted therapy.