The early stages of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cause little or no symptoms. When they occur, common symptoms of this cancer depend upon its location and may include:
If the lymphoma spreads to the brain, it may cause symptoms like:
The symptoms mentioned above can occur in other conditions as well. So, your doctor may recommend a few tests to confirm their diagnosis.
If your doctor suspects non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, they will ask you for a detailed medical and family history and perform a thorough clinical evaluation of any growth or lump. They may prescribe the following tests to visualise the affected area and confirm their diagnosis:
Knowing the stage and spread helps your doctor and healthcare team determine how to treat non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment options depend upon the following factors:
The standard treatment options for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are– chemotherapy, targeted cancer drugs, and radiation therapy. In some cases, surgery and stem cell transplants may be performed. Though a lot is usually said about the side effects of chemotherapy and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, it is usually the first line of treatment for this cancer.
There are multiple types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and they can be broadly grouped under two types – high-grade (aggressive) and low-grade (indolent). Most cancer cases are treatable, even the advanced stages (stage 3 and stage 4 non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma).