Bone Cancer Treatment in the UK

Introduction: What is Bone Cancer?

When cancer begins in any of the bone layers, it gives rise to primary bone cancers. These cancers are rare. Secondary bone cancer develops when cancer cells from other parts of the body break off and affect the bone cells.

Bone cancer is characterised by the uncontrollable and abnormal growth and multiplication of bone cells that form a lump or tumour. Most bone tumours are benign or non-cancerous and are not life-threatening. However, malignant brain tumours are aggressive and tend to spread or metastasise.

Bone sarcomas are the most common bone cancer. Some rare bone cancers include osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma.

How Is Bone Cancer Treated?

Bone cancer treatment and its outcome depend on the type of bone cancer, its stage, grade, and how far it has spread. Standard treatment options for bone cancer include:

  • Surgery

Surgery is an essential part of bone cancer treatment in the UK. Two primary reasons for performing surgery are:

  • Removing the tumour
  • Biopsy 

In most cases, the surgical removal of tumours and biopsy are planned together. Some surrounding healthy tissues may be removed during a bone cancer removal surgery to eliminate any chances of recurrence.

Surgery is usually combined with other treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy to treat bone cancer. When bone cancer affects limbs, surgery may be limb-sparing or may involve amputation, based on the extent of the spread and aggressiveness of bone cancer.

  • Chemotherapy

This treatment uses potent anticancer drugs that damage or kill cancer cells to stop their growth.

Chemotherapy can be used in multiple ways in bone cancer treatment:

  • Before surgery to shrink the tumour, making surgical removal relatively easy
  • Along with radiotherapy (called chemoradiation) before surgery in the treatment of cancers like Ewing Sarcoma
  • After surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells and reduce the chances of a recurrence
  • As a palliative treatment to alleviate symptoms of bone cancer in cases where a cure is not possible

Chemotherapy for bone cancer usually involves two or more medications given intravenously (IV) using a drip. Your doctor will determine your chemotherapy regimen or schedule comprising a defined number of cycles. The number of cycles depends upon the type and grade of your bone cancer.

Chemotherapy is known to cause side effects. Your doctor will inform you about the side effects you can expect during your treatment.

  • Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses strong, high-energy x-rays or protons to damage or destroy cancer cells. Just like chemotherapy, radiation therapy may be used before or after surgery. You may need daily sessions, four to five days a week. Your radiation treatment course will usually last a few weeks, depending upon the stage and grade of your bone cancer.

Targeted drug therapy uses drugs that target special receptors, chemicals or proteins on or produced by cancer cells and destroys them. The most common drugs used in targeted therapy for bone cancer are kinase inhibitors, and you will need to take them once or twice a day.

Bone cancer is relatively easier to treat and cure in healthy individuals with localised tumours than in those with metastasised cancer. If you have any queries about your bone cancer diagnosis or treatment or require a second opinion from a specialist, speak to your doctor.

How Can Klarity Oncology Help?

At Klarity Oncology, we have a dedicated cancer care team who can help you at every step of your bone cancer journey. From helping you secure early and priority consultations with the best bone oncologists near you to the top experts in bone cancer in the UK, priority appointments with consultants and getting second opinions, we help you get personalised tailor-made treatments at the best cancer care centres across the country. All you need to do is register with us, and we’ll get back to you at the earliest.

Bone Cancer Treatment Cost in the UK

The cost of undergoing bone cancer treatment in the UK depends upon several factors. Treatment at private cancer care centres can be slightly more expensive compared to government centres. Most health insurance providers in the UK cover cancer care. If you have any queries, check with your insurance provider about how much of your treatment is covered. Treatments for early-stage bone cancers are less expensive than for advanced and aggressive cancers.

How is Bone Cancer Treatment Cost Calculated?

An estimate for your bone cancer treatment cost will be shared before your treatment begins. Your doctor will discuss the costs involved to help you make treatment decisions. The cost of your bone cancer treatment is usually calculated based on the following factors:

  • Type of bone cancer
  • Stage and grade of your bone cancer
  • The extent of spread and aggressive nature of the cancer
  • Doctor charges 
  • Travel costs
  • Hospital stay and outpatient charges
  • Diagnostic test charges
  • Medications 

The estimated cost of your bone cancer treatment may vary as it progresses, owing to unexpected factors like additional surgical or other procedures, participation in clinical trials, etc. It is always recommended to keep extra funds to account for these costs.

Talk to Us

Being diagnosed with bone cancer can be overwhelming. If unsure about your diagnosis or treatment plan, speak to your doctor about seeking a second opinion. At Klarity, we understand the urgency of cancer treatments. If you need help with your bone cancer treatment, reach out to us today!

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