About Adrenal Cancer
The adrenal glands are two in number, one above each kidney. When the cells in the adrenal gland start to grow out of control, they form a lump or mass called a tumour. When the cancer cells spread outside the adrenals to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic cancer.
Adrenal gland cancer is rare, and most tumours are not malignant. Adrenal gland tumours can be of different types, including:
While the exact cause of adrenal gland cancers is unknown, some factors that increase your risk of developing the condition are:
Symptoms of adrenal gland cancers occur when the tumour grows large and presses on nearby structures or organs. Some common symptoms are:
When is Surgery Performed for Adrenal Cancer?
Surgery for adrenal gland cancers is a specialised procedure. It is essential to get access to the right specialised cancer care centres. Surgery is the primary treatment for adrenal gland cancers and is called adrenalectomy.
The surgeon aims to remove as much cancerous tissue as possible during this procedure. If the nearby lymph nodes appear affected, they may be checked for cancer and removed if affected.
Small adrenal gland cancers are removed through a small incision in the back. This technique may work for some large tumours as well. Advanced adrenal cancers that have spread to nearby organs like the kidneys may need to be removed surgically.
Surgery is recommended for the following clinical scenarios:
Who is an Ideal Candidate for Adrenal Cancer Surgery?
Any individual having adrenal cancer is a candidate for surgery. Surgery is recommended for the following:
The following adrenal cancers are treated by surgery:
Adrenal Cancer Surgery Cost in the UK
Adrenal cancer surgery costs slightly higher than surgery for more common cancers. This can be attributed to the specialised procedure and skilled surgeons required. The cost of undergoing adrenal cancer surgery is also high for people who wish to undergo the procedure in a private healthcare facility and people who do not have insurance coverage.
Your doctor and healthcare team will discuss the overall treatment cost for your adrenal cancer and the costs involved in your surgery. If you have any queries or concerns, seek a second opinion from another specialist in the field.
Other Treatments for Adrenal Cancer
While surgery remains the primary treatment for adrenal cancer, other standard options that are used include:
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